tv President Kennedy CNN November 23, 2013 1:00am-2:01am PST
>> i was there along with host anderson cooper and a variety of celebrity presenters and performers. it was quite an evening. see it for yourself. cnn heroes an all-star tribute next sunday, december 1st at 8:00 p.m. eastern. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com in the average man's life there are two or three emotional experiences burned into his heart and his brain. and no matter what happens to me, i'll remember november 22nd as long as i live. >> there has been an attempt on the life of president kennedy. >> they are combing the floors of the texas school book depository building to find the assassin. >> i'm just a patsy. >> oswald has been shot at point-blank range fired into his stomach. police are working on the
assumption that oswald's murder was to shut him up. >> elements of a central intelligence agency killed john kennedy. >> the story has been suppressed, witnesses have been killed. we have a right to know who killed our president and why he died. >> i stand here tonight on what was once the last frontier. the pioneers gave up their safety and sometimes their lives to build our new west. beyond that frontier, our uncharted areas of science and space, unsolved problems of peace and war, unconquered province of ignorance and prejudice. but i believe that the times require imagination and courage. i'm asking each of you to be pioneers towards that new frontier.
in dallas preparations were under way for extraordinary police protection when the president should arrive. >> do you anticipate any trouble on the president's arrival? >> because of what has happened here previously we would be foolish not to anticipate some trouble. really i don't anticipate any violence. >> here comes air force number one, the president's plane now touching down as mrs. kennedy and the crowd yells and the president of the united states. i can see his suntan all the way from here. >> looking at how things
actually went, it wasn't just a trip to dallas, it was a political trip preparing for the 1964 elections. >> shaking hands now with the dallas governor and mrs. connally. >> it was whether kennedy could use his charisma and influence to get all the squabbling democrats in texas to come together before the election the next year. >> here comes the president now. in fact, he's not in him limousine. he's departed the limousine and he is reaching across the fence shaking hands. >> in those days everybody could get a lot closer to the president. i was standing behind mrs. kennedy and i saw a hand reach through the chain link fence and break off one of the red roses. >> thousands of children now swarming trying to get over the fence. the dallas police trying to keep them back. this is great for the people, and makes the eggshells even thinner for the secret service whose job it is to guard the man. >> the trip had gone terrifically well in texas. pretty hard to write a script for it going any better.
>> thousands will be on hand for that motorcade now which will be downtown dallas. >> a number of my classmates were gone. the were at the parade. my father had been invited to have lunch with kennedy at the trade center. there was a mood, a climate of excitement. >> the speech of president kennedy at the dallas trade mart will be broadcast by 570 radio. stay tuned for the president's dallas speech at the trade mart on 570 radio. ♪ yeah big boss man won't you help me when i call ♪ ♪ well you ain't so big you just
taller than us all ♪ >> this bulletin just into the studio. three shots were fired at the motorcade of president kennedy in downtown dallas. >> police radios are carrying that the president has been hit. >> parkland hospital has been advised to stand by for a severe gunshot wound. >> this is walter cronkite in our news room. and there has been an attempt on the life of president kennedy. >> just turn the mike on. i can't hear you, johnny. do you want me to move back a little bit? is this all right now? ladies and gentlemen, i'd like to introduce to you the chief cameraman and assistant news
director of wfaa television. this is burt ship. would you tell the people exactly what you know as of this point? >> i was standing at the trade mart awaiting his arrival there. all of a sudden, we saw them approaching. the didn't slow down. as a matter of fact, the were going 70, 80 miles per hour past us. and then i jumped in the police car and went to parkland. these two men come running in one of them had a big large machine gun and the was hauling stretchers and cots and everything. and the governor the brought him in first. >> what happened after that? >> the president came in behind him. >> albert thomas, democrat of texas, is standing outside the corridor of the emergency room, said he's been told the
president was still alive but in very critical condition. >> the president has not arrived here. a group of secret servicemen and other officials is gathered where the president normally would enter and discussing heatedly with one another some subject or other. of course we have no idea what. >> now here's an announcement from the platform. mr. eric johnson with an announcement. >> it is true that our president and governor connally have been shot. we shall tell you as much as we know as soon as we know anything. [ male announcer ] at his current pace, bob will retire when he's 153, which would be fine if bob were a vampire.
a gentleman just walked in our studio that i am meeting for the first time as well as you. may i have your name please, sir? >> my name is abraham zapruder. >> would you tell us your story please, sir? >> i got out about a half hour earlier to get a good spot to shoot some pictures. my 5-year-old boy and myselves were on the grass there on palmer street. i asked joe to wave to him. joe waved and i waved. and -- >> that's all right, sir. >> as he was waving back, the shot rang out and he slumped down in his seat. >> then up all of a sudden governor connally grabbed his stomach and laid over to the side. and another one it was just all so fast and president kennedy reached up and grabbed -- looked like grabbed his ear and blood just started gushing out. >> [ inaudible ] >> i didn't see any person fire the weapon.
>> you only heard it. >> i only heard it. and i look up and saw a man running up this hill. >> if it's a conspiracy, not only the president was hit, the governor was hit, who knows if the next shot would have been for lyndon johnson? johnson's car pulls into the emergency bay at parkland hospital. four agents reach in and the grab johnson and pull him out and start to run him down one corridor around looking for a safe place. >> mr. johnson, his whereabouts are being kept secret for security reasons. if anyone knows where mr. johnson is, it is not us at this moment. >> there was a signal moment in our cultural history. suddenly it occurred to us the right thing to do is to turn on television. >> reports continued to come in but in a confused and fragmentary fashion. >> president kennedy has been give an blood transfusion at parkland hospital here in dallas in an effort to save his life. >> it was odd. because there were no commercials.
it was just a continuous experience. >> two priests have entered the emergency room at parkland hospital where he rests after the assassination attempt which now was about a half hour ago. >> what are your feelings right now, ma'am? >> i am absolutely shocked, stunned. we have the same birthday. i'm just crazy about him. >> who would want to shoot the president? what did he do? he's been doing so much for the country. someone goes ahead and shoots him? >> a flash from dallas. two priests who were with president kennedy say he is dead of bullet wounds. this is the latest information we have from dallas. i will repeat with the greatest regret, two priests who were with president kennedy say he has died of bullet wounds.
>> malcolm kildovv, the assistant president secretary, was filling in for the regular press secretary. then he had to draw himself up to give the most fateful announcement that a press secretary might have ever had to give. >> all the cameras were rolling. and i remember he put his fingers like this on the desk and pressed very hard to stop his hands trembling. >> president john f. kennedy died at approximately 1:00 central standard time today here in dallas. he died of a gunshot wound in the brain. i have no other details regarding the assassination of the president.
>> the people standing here are stunned just as all of us are beyond belief. but president of the united states is dead. >> all over the world, people are going to remember all their lives what they were doing when the first heard that president kennedy had been killed. >> the crowds are standing around in silence and sorrow in the rain. the strange thing is, you don't even notice it's raining. and if you do notice you don't care. >> i just can't believe it. i feel like someone in my own family has died. i just can't believe it. >> ma'am? >> like a daze. you don't know what's going on. why? why did it happen? who would have done such a thing is the question. >> in the first minutes and hours, chaos and confusion was radiating out from the scene
itself. it was very pervasive. >> secret service agents thought the gun fire from an automatic weapon fired possibly from a grassy knoll. >> i saw some police run up this grassy slope. i thought they're chasing a gunman. i ran with them. >> the report is that the attempted assassins we now hear was a man and a woman. >> i got to the top, looked around, and policeman went over the fence so i went over the fence, too. there was nothing there. >> a television news man said he looked up just after the shot was fired and saw a rifle being withdrawn from a fifth or sixth floor window. >> it was originally thought that the shots came from in here. now it's believed that the shots came from this building here. >> police officers running back toward the texas school book depository building. they are going to continue searching in that building for the would-be assassin of the president. >> central downtown dallas is in a virtual state of siege. they are combing the floors of the texas book depository
building in an effort to find the suspected assassin. >> in the building on the sixth floor we found an area near a window that had been partially blocked off by boxes of books, and also the three spent shells that had apparently been fired from a rifle. >> lieutenant just came out of that building with a british 303 rifle. >> it was a 7.65 mauzer. >> high powered japanese rifle of high caliber. >> a 3030 rifle. >> much of the first things you hear are going to be wrong. and to some degree, you are constantly trying to separate out what seemed to be a fact. >> in dallas, a dallas policeman just a short while ago was shot and killed while chasing a suspect. >> j.d. tippit, a good experienced police officer, was
shot three times in the chest in the oak cliff section of dallas. then the manager of a shoe store saw the suspect walk into the texas theater. >> someone has been arrested in one of the downtown theaters. they don't know if it was the man who shot the policeman or the person who actually shot president kennedy. >> police suddenly jumped this man and started to drag him out of the theater, hustled him out to the car as the crowd broke and started to maul the police officers and grab this man trying to run with him. the shouted "murderer" and the officers hustled him into the car and and ran away just as fast as the could. >> as we mentioned a short while ago, a number of arrests have been made in dallas in the wake of president kennedy's death. we have scenes of one of those arrests in the downtown area. this was just after a dallas policeman was shot in the vicinity of a downtown movie house. [ overlapping speakers ]
>> as he approached me, the man was reaching for a pistol in his right hand. as he reached for his pistol i grabbed him along with two or three other officers. >> what did he say to you after he was arrested? >> he just said, this is it. it's all over with now. my dna...s me. every piece is important... this part... makes my eyes blue... i might have an increased risk of heart disease... gallstones... hemochromatosis... i'll look into that. the more you know about your dna, the more you know about yourself... now i know. know more about your health. go to 23andme.com and order your dna kit for only 99 dollars today. learn hundreds of things about your health at 23andme.com
then someone named lee harvey oswald is arrested. oswald may be a suspect in the assassination. who is he? >> lee oswald of dallas, a former marine who spent some time in russia, who at one time had applied for soviet citizenship. >> the description that we have of the suspect in oak cliff was similar to the description we had and the man we were looking for as the assassin. but at that time we had not been able to connect the two in any way. >> down there in this third floor corridor a crowd of cameramen, reporters, wait for a possible appearance of the man accused of killing president kennedy and a dallas police officer. >> a great deal of confusion. mr. oswald is put through the door. i don't know if you saw him. oswald lives at 1026 north meckley. he's an employee of a book binding firm in the building
from which the police and secret servicemen believe the president was shot today. >> mrs. kennedy, accompanied the body in an ambulance from the hospital to the airport where it will be flown back to washington. >> the wanted everyone out of the emergency room. the hospital completely on the first floor there. and the came out and told us that we would have to help remove the remains into a casket. >> lyndon johnson had ordered that the body be brought immediately to air force one. so there was a little tug-of-war. it almost shook the crucifix off of the top of the coffin as the were trying to get that coffin out of the hospital. >> took him out and put him into the hearse. and one of the secret servicemen, about two or three of them got into the hearse and just drove off and left the rest of us standing there.
>> vice president johnson is expected to be sworn in as president aboard an airliner before flying back to the nation's capitol. >> not everyone realized that johnson was already the president because he in fact had taken the oath in january '61, the same oath the president takes. >> johnson wanted to show the american people that the government was functioning without interruption. and also perhaps he wanted to show that his predecessor's family bore him no ill will for the assassination. >> lyndon baines johnson is flying back to washington to take the reins of government, at which time president johnson will have to take into his hands the reins of the most powerful nation in the world. >> we think november 22nd, 1963, as a date when the president was killed. but it was also a day when a president was created.
>> is there any doubt in your mind, chief that, oswald is the man who killed the president? >> i think this is the man who killed the president, yes. >> is there any evidence that anyone else may have been linked with oswald to this shooting? >> at this time we don't believe so. i don't know what this is all about. [ overlapping speakers ] >> sir? >> did you shoot the president? >> i work in that building. naturally if i work in that building, yes, sir. [ overlapping speakers ] >> did you shoot the president? >> no, they're taking me in because of the fact that i lived in the soviet union. i'm just a patsy. >> did you shoot the president? >> this is room 317, homicide bureau here at the dallas police station. as you see, they are bringing the weapon allegedly used in the
assassination of president john f. kennedy this afternoon at 12:30 here in dallas. >> 6.5 made in italy in 1940. >> police have traced the rifle purchased in chicago by mail order to oswald. he bought it under the alias of a.heidel. nyd experts have established that the handwriting on the purchase order was in fact made by oswald at the price of $12.78, the life of the president of the united states apparently was bought. >> in the wake of the kennedy assassination, the dallas policemen were committing all their resources into trying to solve the crime. [ overlapping speakers ] >> on the other hand, the were ill-equipped to handle this tsunami of reporters.
>> well, i was questioned by a judge. however, i protested at that time that i was not allowed legal representation. >> in bringing oswald out, the were of course doing something that you would never see happen today. but they were trying to cooperate with the press with the understanding that there would not be questions shouted at him. >> did you kill the president? >> no, i have not been charged with that. in fact, nobody has said that to me yet. the first thing i heard about was when the newspaper reporters in the hall asked me that question. [ overlapping speakers ] >> what did you do in russia? >> a policeman hit me. >> at 1:35 this morning, a complaint was read. it charged that quote lee harvey oswald did voluntarily and with
malice aforethought, kill john f. kennedy by shooting him with a gun end quote. following the reading of the complaint, oswald said "that's ridiculous." >> within hours of the assassination it was very obvious to virtually everyone in dallas law enforcement that oswald had killed kennedy. >> chief, can you tell news summary what directly links oswald to the killing of the president? >> well, the fact that he was on the floor where the shots were fired from immediately before the shots were fired, the fact that he was seen carrying a package to the building, the fact that -- [ overlapping speakers ] >> yesterday morning. >> after the shooting in dealey plaza, oswald was the only employee at the book depository that fled the building. 45 minutes later he shoots and kills officer j.d. tippit. half hour later at the texas theater he resisted arrest by pulling his gun on the arresting officer. >> during 12 hours of
interrogation by the dallas police department over the weekend, he told one provable lie after near. >> did you buy that rifle? >> i emphatically deny these charges. >> within a day or so thereafter when the discovered what a complete nut this guy was, the were satisfied beyond all reasonable doubt that oswald had acted alone. >> there's only one thing they can tell you without going into the evidence that this case is cinched, that this man killed the president. no question in my mind about it. >> we plan to transfer this man not tonight. the van will be here by no later than 10:00 in the morning, why, that will be early enough. >> chief, do you have any concern for the safety of your prisoner in view of the high feeling among the people of dallas of the assassination of the president? >> no.
lee oswald is to be taken soon to the county jail. >> that's true. and you are going to take him there how, sir? >> we are going to use an armored motor vehicle to take him. >> dallas police meant to transfer lee into the regular prison during the night to avoid the press. and then someone must have overruled them so that lee could be photographed by the press during the transfer. >> we're standing by awaiting the transfer or oswald from city jail to county jail. and for that report here is abc's bill lord at the city jail. bill, what's the situation? >> well, i am presently in the basement of the dallas municipal building. and it is like an armed camp. police officials are frankly worried. the don't want anything to happen to oswald.
newsmen, photographers and policemen that lee oswald will be brought to a vehicle for transfer to the dallas county jail, a distance of about 15 blocks, which ironically is just across from the scene where president kennedy was assassinated on friday. >> anticipation has built up here in downtown dallas in front of the county jail. they are waiting for a glimpse of lee oswald. >> there he is. >> there he comes. >> let me have it. i want it. >> being led out by captain fritz. >> he's been shot. he's been shot. lee oswald has been shot. there's a man with a gun. absolute panic.
absolute panic at dallas police headquarters. detectives have their guns drawn. there is no question about it. oswald has been shot at point blank range fired into his stomach. >> he is shot. >> he is shot. >> oswald is shot. >> he is oswald. >> that is the man that shot the man. >> immediately after the shooting, our only witnesses that we could talk to were other reporters. >> where did he go? >> he was here. the just put the gun there. [ inaudible ]. >> he was in a group of men right here. >> pretending he was one of us? >> i thought he was a detective. he had a hat. >> the situation right now is that lee harvey oswald has been shot. the man who saw the shot fired said it was fired by a man wearing a black hat, a brown coat, a man that everyone down here thought was a secret
service agent. we can hear sirens outside and an ambulance apparently is moving down now into the basement. here comes the ambulance. and oswald will be removed now. the ambulance is being pulled up in front of us here. here comes oswald. he is ashen and unconscious at this time, now being moved in he's not moving. he's in the ambulance now. attendants, police, quickly climbing in. the ambulance is leaving dallas police headquarters. where will he be taken? >> i'm assuming parkland hospital. >> parkland hospital, the irony of ironies, the place where president john f. kennedy died.
>> don't take the microphone. what is your reaction to the shooting of oswald? >> i think it's a deplorable situation. the man is entitled to a fair trial. >> the should give him a fair trial. because killing him just like that ain't nothing. that ain't going to bring president kennedy back to life. and after the get a trial the should let him out on the street and let the people kill him. >> the should not only shoot him but cut him up in pieces, put them every one hour in the fire and set them up for one day and then the next day start again. >> thank you. >> i didn't see it. i think it's the man. >> what's he look like? >> i can't give you a description now. he is known locally. >> immediately after the ambulance left, somehow i had begun to suspect that maybe the shooter was someone who was known to the police.
>> do you know this subject? do you know him? have you seen him before? >> yes, i do. >> is he from dallas? >> yes. >> who is he? >> i couldn't tell you. >> do you know what kind of business he happens to be in? >> i wouldn't want to say. >> right. >> dallas city hall is normally a public building, but today it was really under armed guard. >> this a confirmed report as to who did the shooting? >> as far as i know. >> vic robertson from city hall reports that jack ruby, the owner of the carousel which is a bar in dallas did the shooting. >> my statement will be very brief. oswald expired at 1:07 p.m.
he died at 1:07 p.m. we have arrested the man, the man will be charged with murder. >> who is he? >> the suspect's name is jack rubenstein, i believe, he goes by the name of jack ruby. >> and here at associated press a still picture of the moment, the split second as the shot was fired. this is the man dallas police have identified as jack rubenstein, and this of course is lee harvey oswald. you see the gun in the hand of ruby and just about to be fired. >> i know my own feelings were -- and i think the were widely shared by many if not most americans. this can't be coincidental. the assassin is assassinated in the police station. what in the hell is going on? >> just learned from city hall
from a very authoritative source that police are working on the assumption that there indeed is a connection between jack ruby and lee oswald, and that in some manner of speaking oswald's murder was to shut him up. captain fritz just told me that ruby has said that he did it, that it was his gun, and that he had built up a tremendous grievance over the death of the president. >> in jack ruby's small mind, he thought he was going to become a big big hero. he killed the guy who killed the president. >> i commend what he did. i think he ought to win the congressional medal of honor for it, and a lot of other good american citizens think he did exactly the right thing in shooting down this communist. >> word also in just now from dallas that homicide chief, captain will fritz, has now said that the case of president kennedy's assassination is now closed with the death of oswald.
the whole world is poorer because of his loss. but we can all be better americans because john fitzgerald kennedy has passed our way. because he has been our chosen leader at a time in history when his character, his vision, and his quiet courage have enabled him to chart a course for us, a safe course for us, through the shoals of treacherous seas that encompass the world. and now that he is relieved of the almost superhuman burden we imposed on him, may he rest in peace.
>> dallas today had even more to mourn. it held funeral services for one of its own who was a victim of friday's tragedy, officer j.d. tippit. >> there was a funeral of a very different sort today in nearby ft. worth. this was the dreary funeral of lee harvey oswald, alleged murderer of president kennedy. the pathetic group of mourners included oswald's mother, brother robert, and oswald's two children, one of them a babe in arms. the six pall bearers you see here are newsmen. there were not enough relatives or friends on hand to serve as pall bearers.
>> now there is a new flag of the president of the united states flying in the white house. in president kennedy's old oval office, mrs. evelyn lincoln, his secretary and her aides, have removed every scrap, every vestige of the signs of the personal touches of president kennedy. >> we know from history that one test of societies is how do the handle the transfer of power at the top. lyndon johnson, whatever you thought of him, and a lot of people disliked him greatly, some even hated him, would be the president of the united states. i think it shouted about the strength of the country and that we swear by the rule of law. >> the president of the united states. [ applause ]
>> my fellow americans, all i have i would have given gladly not to be standing here today. >> johnson knows he has to show the country that the ship of state is sailing on under a new captain. but at the same time, he can't appear to be too anxious to assume power. and he has to keep the kennedy people on board with him. so that speech means everything. >> no words are strong enough to express our determination to continue the forward thrust of america that he began. [ applause ]
>> the people of europe just cannot believe that a lone avenger made his way into a major police station and killed without difficulty the most celebrated and infamous criminal in the united states. >> one of the most important things that happened after oswald's murder was that we were forever denied the why. people at the time believed he did it. the question was why. >> there are questions continually coming up about the possibility of an international plot. >> there is still all this thought that the russians might be behind it or cuba might be behind it. johnson sees there's a real danger in that. he wants to put these rumors to rest. >> investigations into all the facts of these last four days may not be limited to the state of texas or the fbi. some congressmen already have suggested a congressional investigation. >> killing a president wasn't a
federal crime at the time. so you had the federal government intervening in still what was a local murder. there certainly was a concern of competing investigations. there was the dallas criminal investigation, there was the state of texas court of inquiry, and there were committees on both sides of congress while of course the fbi had been given the job to conduct a full-scale investigation. >> johnson realizes something has to be done. he realizes that he has to appoint a body that the public will respect to look into this. >> yes, mr. president. >> i've got to have a top blue ribbon presidential commission to investigate the assassination. i'm going to ask chief justice warren as chairman. >> if there's one public governmental official in the united states universally respected for his integrity it is the supreme justice of the supreme court, earl warren and
one person in congress that everyone respect is russell wilson of georgia. russell is a segregationist through and through and despises warren for the decisions that he's made on the court. >> johnson thought if the can agree on a verdict that ought to be satisfying 90% of american public opinion. >> i'm highly honored you'd think about me in connection with this. but i couldn't serve a day with chief justice warren. i don't like that man. >> you can serve with anybody for the good of america. and you're going to do it. i can't arrest you. and i'm not going to put the fbi on you. but you're [ mute ] going to serve i'll tell you that. >> lyndon johnson was known as the greatest salesman one-on-one who ever lived. so he meets first with warren and says, if i asked you to put on your uniform and fight for america, you'd do it.
i'm asking you to fight for america in a different way. then johnson has to get richard russell. >> mr. president, please now. >> no, it's already done. it's been announced. hell -- >> you mean -- >> yes, sir. i made the announcement and it's already in the paperers. you're on it. >> i think you did wrong getting warren. i know damn well you did wrong getting me. >> that's what you do. that's the kind of american bulldog you are.
>> produced by nbc news which is solely responsible for its content. >> the warren commission appointed friday night will investigate and make a report on the murder. as yet it has said nothing about how it will proceed or when. in the meantime, again, the fbi is investigating every lead it can find and will turn its report over to president johnson probably this week. >> it was the fbi's hope that its report would be if not the final word, the semifinal word, and that the commission's job would be to read it and then essentially endorse the findings of the report. >> the members of the warren commission, earl warren, john sherman cooper, jerry ford, allan dulles, hale boggs, richard russell and john j. mccloy realized at their initial meting they had to do an
independent investigation. they didn't want to be a stamp for the fbi or the secret service. >> there are three issues the commission had to grapple with. did oswald commit the physical act of the murder? and even if he did the physical act, did he have forces behind him? and then of course, what's ruby's involvement in this? >> you had various branches of the investigation traveling, interviewing witnesses, collecting evidence, bringing it back to the commission. >> the time of day was about -- not very far from two hours from it. >> there were questions how would they deal with the different stories about shooters from the grassy knoll and shooters from different directions. >> the lawyers from the commission took 395 depositions. and there were 94 witnesses that appeared before the commission. lyndon johnson wants the report
out so it doesn't interfere with the election in november. >> warren left for dallas because he was a man who had spent his early career as a courtroom prosecutor. he understood a crime scene. he wanted to stand in that window and see if this was a shot that a marksman could make. while he was there, warren felt he should talk to ruby. there were all these suggestions ruby had killed oswald to silence him. so he wanted to hear from ruby himself. >> the warren commission realized they were going to have to invest a lot more time than was anticipated. this may be a two to three-month operation to the conception that it will probably take six months. >> the hour glass of time was running out on them. >> can you say if you still think it was one man? >> i think we'd better not get into that area, you know. the report will cover all of that in great detail. >> this committee labored ten months, then brought forth a document close to 1,000 pages. president johnsoce